Surgery is considered to be the fundamental treatment for breast cancer. Goals of breast cancer operation include resection of the primary tumor, reducing the risk of local recurrences, and providing necessary prognostic information through the pathologic staging of the tumor and axillary lymph nodes. People with a very high risk of breast cancer may consider this treatment as a way to reduce the risk of future illness.
Breast cancer operation is effective in most stages of cancer, including:
- risk of breast cancer
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) – non invasive breast cancer
- early stage breast cancer
- larger breast cancers
- locally advanced breast cancers
- recurring breast cancers
It includes different types of procedures, such as:
- removing the entire breast (mastectomy)
- removing a part of the breast tissue (lumpectomy)
- removing nearby lymph nodes
- reconstructing the breast after mastectomy
These procedures are most often used in conjugation with different treatments, such as chemotherapy, hormone therapy, targeted, and radiation therapy.
Breast reconstruction after mastectomy
Breast reconstruction is a surgical procedure to make a new breast after removal of a part or the whole breast. A plastic surgeon creates a breast of similar shape and size like the natural one, using one of the two methods:
- implant reconstruction – reconstruction using silicone or saline (salt water) implants
- autologous or “flap” reconstruction – reconstruction using tissue transplanted from another part of patients body (belly, thighs or back)
These two methods can be combined.
Breast reconstruction surgery can be done as:
- immediate reconstruction – takes place during the mastectomy
- delayed reconstruction – takes place after the mastectomy is done
Whether it’s done as immediate or delayed, using implants or autologous tissue, breast reconstruction has its advantages and disadvantages. It’s very important for patients to see an experienced professional surgeon who will carefully review the condition and inform the patient about the entire surgical procedure – the risks and implications involved, the course of the operation, aftercare, and recovery.
Breast reconstruction after lumpectomy
Breast-conserving surgery, or lumpectomy, removes only a part of the breast and is usually followed by radiotherapy. Breast is usually well preserved after this kind of treatment and a few women actually need reconstructive procedures. Despite that, some women do need reconstruction, and it can be done using one of the two methods:
- Mini flap reconstruction – the surgeon most commonly uses the tissue from patients back (latissimus dorsi flap) to fill in the dent left in the breast after lumpectomy
- Reshaping the breast – this is an option when the patient needs only a part of the breast removed, and has large breasts. After removing cancerous tissue, the surgeon then reshapes the remaining tissue to form a smaller breast. This is called therapeutic mammoplasty
Here at Adcure, we have a team of surgeons competent both in oncology and reconstructive surgery, so a patient can get reliable information about best aesthetic surgery without missing the complete cancer screening, and can be treated with the best chance to obtain the best cosmetic, and health results.
Call Adcure today, at 639 678 810, and schedule a consultation!